The wild beast migration is one of the worlds mesmerising wonders as it holds unknown phenomenon. The wild beast migration is mostly manipulated by the appearance of long rains and growth of green pastures. Migration during the dry season may vary and become delayed as the rains may delay. This is because they cannot move to another place unless they are sure the rains have fallen. This is one of their traits and it baffles anyone who pays attention to this group of animals.
During the end of the rainy season they immediately move to wetter areas. This ensures they have a steady supply of food and water. They repeat this cycle during their lifetime and also the off springs inherit the paths from their mothers. They move in large numbers due to their decreased density in their environs hence all follow the majority group, lack of fresh water due to the changes in weather and the risk of predation.
The migration begins in the Ngorongoro area of the southern Serengeti located in the northern side of Tanzania. This is where they spend the early months of the year since at this time the rainfall in Kenya is low. The first phase is the calving which happens in February with over five hundred calves being given birth. After they are strong enough to move, they start the journey towards the North West as they search for more food and water. The calves mature along the way with many falling to predators while others die of natural causes.
On July or August they start arriving at Masai Mara where there is adequate food. This is they stay most of the year until it starts raining in Serengeti. In case the rains delay, they may arrive on October. Since the routes are long they definitely encounter many problems along the way. This may include predators such as the lion, hyena, cheetahs and the crocodiles while crossing the Mara River.
Crossing Mara River is the greatest problem for the wild beasts. This is because the river has strong water currents, vicious and hungry crocodiles. They struggle to cross the river while some fall to the sharp teeth of the predators.
The ones that cross the river successfully continue with their way of life. They repeat this cycle year after year bringing new life to any place they visit just like those before them did.